Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is a martial art and a sport that involves a unique point system used to determine the winner in a competition. Understanding this point system is crucial for newcomers to the sport, as it provides insight into the strategic elements of BJJ and highlights the importance of specific techniques and positions. In this guide, we’ll break down the basic concepts of Jiu Jitsu points to help you navigate and appreciate the competitive aspect of BJJ.

The Objective of Jiu-Jitsu Competitions

In a BJJ competition, the primary objective is to submit your opponent using various joint locks or chokeholds. However, if neither competitor achieves a submission within the allotted time, the match is decided based on points. Points are awarded for achieving and maintaining dominant positions or successfully executing specific techniques.

  • Takedowns (2 Points)

A takedown occurs when a competitor successfully brings their opponent from a standing position to the ground and establishes control. This demonstrates superior grappling ability and power, so it is rewarded with points.

  • Guard Pass (3 Points)

Passing the guard is a significant achievement in BJJ. The guard is a position where one competitor uses their legs to control or defend against the opponent. Successfully passing the guard to establish a more dominant position, such as side control, is worth 3 points..

  • Sweep (2 Points)

A sweep is executed from the guard position, where the bottom competitor reverses the position, ending up on top. This action showcases technical skill and control, thus earning 2 points.

  • Knee on Belly (2 Points)

When a competitor places their knee on their opponent’s stomach while maintaining control, they score 2 points. This position applies pressure and demonstrates the top competitor’s ability to dominate their opponent.

  • Mount (4 Points)

Achieving the mount position, where a competitor sits on their opponent’s torso with both knees on the ground, is highly advantageous. It offers excellent control and submission opportunities and rewards it with 4 points.

  • Back Control (4 Points)

Controlling an opponent’s back, with hooks (feet) placed inside the opponent’s thighs and control over their upper body, is one of the most dominant positions in BJJ. This position is also worth 4 points due to the significant advantage it provides.



The BJJ point system rewards effective grappling, control, and the ability to dominate an opponent. By familiarizing yourself with how points are awarded, you can better appreciate the strategic nuances of a BJJ match. Understanding the point system enhances your overall experience of this intricate and dynamic martial art, whether you’re a competitor or a spectator.

In our next blog, we’ll dive into the details of advantages and penalties in competitions. Stay tuned!